Health

“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” ~ World Health Organization (WHO)

“Health is … seen as a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities ” ~ The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion

“The fundamental conditions and resources for health are:

  • peace
  • shelter
  • education
  • food
  • income
  • a stable eco-system
  • sustainable resources
  • social justice, and equity

Improvement in health requires a secure foundation in these basic prerequisites.” ~ The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion

Health Promotion

“Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment.” ~The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion

Health Education

“Health education is any combination of learning experiences designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes.” ~WHO

Health education plays a large role in equity and empowerment (Green, 2008):

  • It facilitates the development of values and skills required for people to make healthy decisions and take action.
  • It seeks to make individuals and communities aware of the need for policies in support of health and health choices.
  • Health education needs to be directed towards not only individuals and communities, but also decision makers, those who are in a position to create change.

References
Green, J. (2008). Health education–the case for rehabilitation, Critical Public Health, 18:4, 447-456

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